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Abstract : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a globally epidemic metabolic disorder with a global prevalence of 8.4%, with the highest levels (9.2%) reported in the Middle East region. This high prevalence is expected to continue rising in the future. The aim of this study was to assess the type II diabetic patients’ self-care practices need. A quasi-experimental design was used to conduct the study. The investigator develops the program and instruments to accomplish the study's objectives. A sum of 50 patients were purposely selected (50) patients who were exposed to sample. The validity of the instrument was assured through a board of experts, and the instrument's reliability was established through making pilot study which. The data was analyzed throught using descriptive and inferential statistics for the Knowledge 20 items 0.82. Self-care 30 items 0.76. 0.81. That considered acceptable result as instrument stability. The study findings indicated that illustrated the level of knowledge on the sample showed that certain groups at the pre- test whih period accounted to poor level at all studied items (M.s.= 1-1.66) except the first item for which the responses were fair knowledge (M.s.=1.67-2.33). The majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have a knowledge deficit, and patients also have a knowledge deficit when it comes to self-care. The community and non-governmental groups can be used to raise broad public awareness of this hazardous and chronic condition. Encourage patients to follow up and keep their knowledge level up to date in order to avoid the most complications.

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