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Abstract : Diabetes mellitus especially type II has recently become serious disease with high possibility of increased rate of comorbidity since it is along life disease which requires a person with adequate knowledge regarding the diseases itself as well as good self –care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational program on the knowledge of patients with type II diabetes mellitus. A quasi- experimental design was used to conduct the study. The investigator develops the program and instruments to accomplish the study's objectives. A sum of 50 patients were purposely selected divided in to groups. The Study Groups (25) patients who were exposed to the education program as Study Groups, and the Control Groups (25) who were not. The effectiveness of this program is measured by the use of a knowledge pre-post -test that includes (20) items and self-care (30) items. The validity of the instrument was assured through a board of experts, and the instrument's reliability was established through making pilot study which. The data was analyzed throught using descriptive and inferential statistics for the Knowledge 20 items (Before) 0.82. (After) 0.86. Self-care 30 items (Before) 0.76. (After) 0.81. that considered acceptable result as instrument stability. The study findings indicated that the Study Groups expressed poor knowledge at Mean± SD= 1.23±0.200, while the Study Groups at posttest showed a good knowledge at Mean± SD=2.71±0.277, as well as the study found a highly significant differences between the two certain periods of measurement for both two main groupss at p < 0.01. Conversely, in the Control Groups, which illustrated a poor knowledge at pre-post test score, and there was never ever significancy in differing between the pre test and post test for both groupss at p > 0.05. Recommended that patients in need in the period of diagnosis of the disease, strategies of providing information regarding the disease. The community governmental and none governmental organizations can be engaged in increasing the awareness of the public in general in relation to this risky chronic illness.

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