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Abstract : The study aims to evaluate the Risk Factors For Infection With S.aureus And MRSA Among Patients Admitted To Al-Batool Teaching Hospital For Maternity And Children In Diyala, Iraq. A total of 57 children admitted to Al-Batool Teaching Hospital For Maternity And Children In Diyala, Iraq were included. Standard microbiological procedures were used for diagnosis of S.aureus and Methicillin resistant S.aureus. No significant correlation of age group and S.aureus infection. Significant correlation was reported between the age group (5-7) years and MRSA infection. No significant correlation was reported between sex of children and MRSA infections. Significant correlation was reported between education level and infection with S.aureus. Invers significant correlation was reported between using of hand disinfectant and infection with S.aureus and MRSA among children No significant correlation was reported between previous hospitalization in last two months and infection with S.aureus and MRSA among patients. Significant correlation was reported between central venous catheterization and infection with S.aureus. No significant correlation was reported between number of family members and infection with S.aureus and MRSA among patients. The main risk factors for infection with S.aureus and /or MRSA were education level, using of hand disinfectant, central venous catheterization. Age and sex, Previous hospitalization in last two months, number of family members have no role as a risk factors.

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