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Abstract : The current study was conducted on patients with type 2 diabetes in the Nineveh Governorate, Iraq. The study included 60 blood samples. Blood samples were taken from 30 patients with type 2 diabetes (15 males and 15 females) and 30 healthy people (20 males and ten females). The mean age of patients was 55 ± 9.01, while the mean age of controls was 30 ± 14. 73. In the case group, females constituted 50% and males 50% of the case group, while in the control group, females were 33.3% and males were 66.6%. There was a significant difference in vitamin D levels among cases and controls (8.85 ± 5.95 VS 16.16±5.51 respectively, p < 0.001). Females had lower vitamin D levels than males (7.514± 3.124 VS 10.177± 7.422, P 0.05). The FSG, HbA1c, cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood urea were significantly increased (p 0.05) in patients compared to the control group. A significant negative correlation was noted between vitamin-D levels and BMI in T2DM (r= -0.56, p= 0.015). A negative significant correlation was noted between vitamin-D levels and HbA1C in T2DM (r= -0.523, p= 0.0237).

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