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Abstract : Preliminary literature review on Baghdad's aging population and the authors’ experiences have demonstrated that the challenges associated with aging process have not been given much attention. Anti-aging plants which have been associated with health promoting properties have been utilized as interventions to curb the aging process. This has been achieved as they contain active ingredients which have been scientifically proven to have medicinal and antiaging properties through various laboratory species as previously reported. This study sought to identify these phytochemicals both quantitatively and qualitatively using different techniques. Three plants, Apium graveolens, Carthamus tinctorious and Punica granatum were obtained at a local market in Baghdad and extracted with water. The resultant mixture was purified by a whatman paper and the solvent dried using a spray dryer. The resultant residue was kept for further analysis. Qualitative method of screening different phytochemicals among them tannins, carbohydrates, glycosides, phenols, resins, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, proteins, coumarins, terpenes and steroids was done. The methanolic extracts were further screened using GC-MS and their mass spectrum compared with compounds from the database library. Separation and identification of the three extracts was also done using High Performance Liquid Chromatography and mineral analysis of selenium, zinc and calcium were conducted using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. GC-MS results revealed that Safflower had the highest number of major compounds while celery plant had the least. In safflower Triisobutyl (3-phenylpropoxy) silane was the highest in concentration at 16.73% while in celery plant the highest active component was 1H-Indole at a concentration of 16.37%. In pomegranate plant, the highest active component was 6-Octadecenoic acid, methyl ester with a concentration of 20.24%. HPLC analysis did not reveal the six standards used in this study for safflower and pomegranate plants however, in celery plant resverastrol, b-sistine and rutin were identified at concentrations of 4.93%, 16.09% and 5.22 % respectively. Qualitative phytochemical screening showed that safflower and pomegranate exhibited similar trend in all the phytochemicals and also there presence was more compared to celery plant. Selenium ion was not detected although zinc was found but in minute concentrations. Calcium ion was also detected in high concentrations although it was significantly lower in pomegranate plant at 35.4%. In conclusion, GC-MS profiling of the phytochemicals among the three plants revealed varying components with different concentrations. This was also reflected on the qualitative determinations although pomegranate and safflower exhibited similar occurrence of the phytochemicals.

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