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Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences

Journal ID : BNIHS-03-04-2022-10235
Title : Relationship between Excess Body Weight Loss and Preoperative Body Mass Index in Patients with Sleeve Gastrectomy
Abstract :

The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy treatment has become the most prevalent method for treating obesity in the United States and around the globe. Those with morbid obesity might expect a better quality of life as well as a lower risk of illness and death as a result of this treatment method. In patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, we hope to find a link between excess weight loss and the patient's preoperative BMI. As well as their relationship: From January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2018, we enrolled 80 patients who had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in the surgical department of AL Imamian AL Kadimian Medical City. Pre- and post-operative BMI measurements with excess weight loss calculations, as well as information on the patient's family history of obesity, are all collected through the use of questionnaires. Patients are divided into two categories based on their BMIs (more than 45 and less than 45). 80-person sample, 69 (86.3%) of them were female. Males made up the majority, with 11 (13.8 percent) ranging in age from 18 to 65, with the most common range being 20-40 years (79.2 percent). At 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery, the mean weight of patients was (86.9817.208SD) compared to the mean weight of patients before surgery (128.13 25.65SD). It was also discovered that the mean body mass index before and after surgery were (48.488.515SD) and (336.318SD). (28.80+3.653SD) in patients with a BMI 45 and (34.33+4.667SD) in patients with a BMI > 45, there was a significant correlation (p=0.001). In patients with a BMI of less than 45, the mean excess body weight loss percentage (EBWL percent) than doubled (69.51+SD 8.809), with a significant correlation (p=0.001). Patients who undergo sleeve gastrectomy are more likely to lose weight if their preoperative BMI is higher than their postoperative BMI. Sleeve-gastrectomy patients' excess weight loss and preoperative body mass index are examined in this study.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-03-04-2022-10234
Title : Investigation of the development of depressive symptoms in patients with psoriasis
Abstract :

This study aims at the relationship generated between patients with psoriasis and depression. Sixty patients were collected from different hospitals in Thi-Qar, Iraq, with ages ranging from 30 to 60 years. The patients were distributed according to gender: 40 women and 20 males. Has been relied upon DLQI Life Quality Index Score through distributing a questionnaire to patients to assess depression and anxiety, it was found that more than 60% had a level of depression more than the average, and by analyzing the relationship between the quality of life scale and Upper Limbs' Lesions, a statistically significant relationship was found at 0.001. It should be noted that this study revealed a significant correlation between the degree of depressive activity and the severity and prevalence of psoriasis, while self-satisfaction with life reflects, to some extent, the success of adapting to the disease and mental health is closely related to the quality of life.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-03-04-2022-10233
Title : A study of the frequency of ocular manifestations in psoriatic patients in Iraqi patients
Abstract :

This paper focuses to study of the frequency of ocular manifestations in psoriatic patients in Iraqi patients where 80 patients from different hospitals in Thi-Qar, Iraq, collected. The statistical analysis program SPSS soft IBM was relied on to analyze demographic data and information about patients. The mean age of the patients was 45.2±13.5. And results were found with a statistical correlation between ocular diseases in patients, where a high percentage of Contract was found for 50 patients and 100 eyes. In addition, other abnormalities in the eye were found, including keratitis and blepharitis. Moreover, the presence of eye diseases affects the degree of disease activity and the cutaneous form of psoriasis. It can affect one or both eyes, as it generally appears with outbreaks of infections that recur over time. About half of uveitis is due to an unknown cause.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-03-04-2022-10232
Title : Levels of some vitamins and minerals in children with autism spectrum disorder in Baghdad city and their relationship to gender
Abstract :

The objective of this research was to compare numerous vitamins and minerals levels in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) compared to those in age-matched normally developing (TD) children, as well as to evaluate their relationship to gender. The study involved the ASD children attending Iraqi association for psychotherapy in Baghdad .The current study was carried out on 63 child with both genders (33 test group with17males and 16 females and 30 control group with16males and 14 females) The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was determined based on information acquired from history collection, clinical symptoms, and observations, The controls for the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) and There were no abnormal history of motor, verbal, or social developmental deficits in the checklists, as evidenced by the parents' remarks with age range (4-11) years, during the period extended between November (2020) and March (2021). The samples of children divided into test - control and male - female group. The present study, showed the level of zinc (mg/dl) decreased significantly (P≤0.05) in test when compared to control and significantly increase (P≤0.05) in male than female group, while level of calcium (mg/dl) decreased significantly (P≤0.05) in control group and its no different between male and female group.VitaminsD3 and B12 (ng/ml) levels decreased significantly (P≤0.05) in test group when compared to control group but in male -female group the level of vitamin D3 decreased significantly (P≤0.05) in male group while vitamin B12 deceased in female group. We discovered that children with ASD had higher vitamins and minerals deficits than typically developing children, and that the level of these vitamins and minerals correlated with ASD symptoms and the child's gender.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-03-04-2022-10230
Title : The antioxidant activity of purified lysine extracted from Escherichia coli
Abstract :

Lysine is one of nine necessary amino acids for the human and the animal nutrition’s. Lysine is used as a drug, a chemical agent, a food ingredient, and a feed additive, therefore the current study was designed to highlight on the extraction and purification of lysine by Escherichia coli and its effects. Two hundred and fifty clinical specimens were collected from different clinical sources. Eighty isolates (32%) were identified as Escherichia coli. The ability of E. coli isolates to produce lysine was examined qualitatively and quantitatively. The results showed that all isolates under study had the ability to produce lysine at different concentrations. The optimal conditions for the production of lysine by E. coli were tested at 34°C and pH 7. The optimum incubation period was 72 hours, and the optimum shaker speed was 110 rpm. The purification was done using affinity ion exchange chromatography on amberlite IR-120. The total amount of purified lysine was 297 mg/L for E. coli. The effect of lysine as the antioxidant property of the purified lysine was evaluated compared with ascorbic acid. The free radical scavenging maximum activity of lysine was found to be 60.6%, compared with control at 75.3% at 512 mg/ml.

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