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Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences

Journal ID : BNIHS-27-03-2022-10221
Title : KNOWLEDGE, BEHAVIOR, AND ATTITUDES ON DENGUE FEVER: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Abstract :

Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes and the fastest spreading in the world. However, there is still a lack of information about knowledge, behavior and attitudes regarding the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge, behavior and attitudes in dengue fever. This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching for articles published by the online database PubMed in 2010 to 2021. The dependent variable in this study is the incidence of dengue fever. The independent variables in this study were knowledge, behavior and attitudes. A total of 25 articles met the inclusion criteria and were processed in a qualitative synthesis. Three articles explained that there was a relationship between knowledge about dengue fever and behavior in preventing and handling dengue fever, while there was 1 article explaining otherwise. Ten articles explained that there was a relationship between knowledge about dengue fever and attitudes towards preventing and handling dengue fever, while 4 articles explained otherwise. Two articles that explain that good knowledge is related to bad attitude. Four articles explain that good behavior regarding dengue fever prevention is associated with positive attitudes towards dengue fever. Two articles that explain that between 3 variables, namely knowledge. Knowledge, behavior, and attitudes about dengue fever have varied relationships, but the majority of articles explain that the 3 variables have a positive relationship that affects each other.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-26-03-2022-10219
Title : Medical Students Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards COVID-19
Abstract :

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory infectious disease, since the reporting of COVID-19 as a pandemic by the world health organization; the attitude, knowledge, and practice towards COVID-19 has been growing day by day. The study aim is to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practice of medical students at university of Tikrit about COVID-19 in order to increase the awareness and help them to correct undesirable measures to limit the spread of COVID-19. This cross-section study was performed on 188 Iraqi undergraduate medical students at university of Tikrit, which was surveyed using an online self- administered questionnaire on google form distributed throughout social media of the college of medicine. The collected data was analyzed and constructed using Microsoft programs and by manual statistical methods. This study revealed that 69.68% of medical students were not infected with COVID-19, while the remaining infected students about 78.95% of them were in the 4th-6th academic year of study. 50% of the students have a doubt about COVID-19 existence, while those who believe in its existence about 79% of them believe that it is highly contagious disease. About 65.95% of the students are committed to practice the preventive measures and only 37.09% of them have been infected with COVID-19. The undergraduate medical students in the university of Tikrit had a good attitude, practice and behaviors of preventive measures towards COVID-19, but some of the students didn’t believe in COVID-19, had poor and ineffective preventive methods, so that resulted in infection of some of them with COVID-19.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-26-03-2022-10218
Title : Incidental findings on chest CT scan among cases of COVID-19 infection
Abstract :

An incidentaloma is a radiological term refers to a lesion found incidentally and of possible clinical significance, previously unsuspected finding or abnormality that is not related to the indication for obtaining the CT examination. Although it can refer to any incidental lesion (e.g. retrosternal goiter, nodule, pleural thickening, effusion, fibrosis…etc). There is clear evidence that incidentaloma is quite variable among studies according to the part of the body that undergo imaging. Most incidental findings are asymptomatic [1].

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Journal ID : BNIHS-26-03-2022-10217
Title : Assessment of the efficiency of propolis on the Secondary Wound Healing of rabbits
Abstract :

To investigate the Efficacy of propolis in the healing of cutaneous wounds of rabbits is studied on the basis of histopathological changes; Morphometric evaluations. The study was done at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry College, Mosul University, this research included 25 domestic male rabbits1- 1.5 kg body weight and 1-2 years of age. The animals were divided into 2 groups, each animal, full-thickness skin wounds 3cm*3cm in diameter were created. One wound on each animal served as a control, the second wound on each animal propolis was applied daily, The wounds were investigated histopathological changes for wound healing after 3, 7, 14, 15, and 28 days. The data were obtained from the digital imaging analyses of wounds in the rabbit. There was no significant (p<0.05) between propolis-treated wounds and control wounds on day 7; wound area in propolis-treated, and control wounds on day 14; Within the healthy group, there were no significant differences in the propolis wound area on day 7, epithelization area on day 14; day 21and day 28. Within the propolis group, there were no significant differences in any of the evaluated parameters at any time point.so the wound site for group A1 with re-epithelialization (Score 3), creation of scar tissue constituted of mature fibrous tissue, angiogenesis with numerous blood vessels, and no inflammatory cell infiltration (score 0). Complete re-epithelialization (Score 4), creation of scar tissue, composed of mature fibrous tissue, angiogenesis with numerous blood vessels, and no infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed using H&E staining at 100X and 400X. (score 0). 100X, 400X H&E stain for group A2.also on days 14 (P-value=0.0293 *), 21 (P-value=0.767), and 28 (P-value= 1.00), significant scores of granulation tissue of rabbit skin wound healing process were found in propolis group A2 (P-value=0.0069 **) compared to the control group A1 (P-value=0.0074 **).

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Journal ID : BNIHS-25-03-2022-10216
Title : Investigation of contamination with the herbicide Paraquat in agricultural lands on the left side of Mosul city
Abstract :

Paraquat concentrations have been determined, which is a herbicide (killer of broadleaf weeds) widely used in farms in the city of Mosul. It is dangerous because of its high acute toxicity even at low concentrations. Therefore, its discovery in the environment is necessary in different environmental samples, including water (Tigris River, Wadi Danfali, Al-Khawser River) and soil samples from different areas of farms on the left side of the city of Mosul (Sherikhan, Rashidiya, Muthanna, Al-Baath, Yaramjah) and plant samples from the same areas, which are (Potatoes, beans, coleslaw, beet) A sensitive spectrophotometric method was used in an alkaline medium, paraquat was reduced by glucose, and the resulting blue root ion was measured at 600 nm. The concentrations in water ranged between 1.891 (-3.174) ppm, in soil between (1.6008-4.3585) ppm and in plants 1.2612)- 6.226 (ppm), the results show that there are residues of paraquat pesticide in different environmental samples.

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