Psoriasis is highly associated with increased lipid profile, atherosclerosis, hypertension, increased body mass index, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular accidents, cancer, osteoporosis and depression. This study is to investigate the clinical criteria of psoriatic patients and the possible association with increased lipid profile and BMI. A case control study involving 100 patients visiting the outpatient Department of Dermatology in two large hospitals in Baghdad city/Iraq. All the patients were matching, and had subjected to general physical examination, Height and weight, and blood investigations. The age distribution was statistically matched between cases and controls (36.34 years). Mean BMI of cases was 24.9 kg/m2, while mean BMI of the controls was 23.94 kg/m2. According to PASI, 9 (18%) patients had mild psoriasis (PASI < 3), 14 (28%) patients had psoriasis of moderate severity (PASI 3 - 10), whereas 27 (54%) patients had severe type (PASI > 10). The mean serum cholesterol in cases was 180.16 mg/dL, the mean value triglyceride in cases was 200.3 mg/dL, both were significantly higher than the mean value in controls. The mean value HDL in cases was significantly lower than the mean value in controls (44.88 mg/dL, 52.64 mg/dL) respectively. The mean serum LDL and VLDL of cases (144.78 mg/dL & 47.37 mg/dL respectively) higher than the control (124.62 mg/dL & 42.21 mg/dL respectively). PASI score correlate positively with serum triglyceride, cholesterol, LDL & VLDL. In conclusions BMI was higher in patients with psoriasis, abnormal lipid profile was associated positively with PASI score in those patients.
The Azadirachta indica (neem) show an important role in diseases prevention and treatment through the enhancement of antioxidant activity, inhibition of bacterial growth, and modulation of genetic pathways. This study investigate the protective effect of Azadircta indica on L-arginine induced acute pancreatitis in rats. A randomized prospective controlled study on animals that conducted on thirty apparently healthy male albino rats albino rats randomly divided in to three groups: normal feeding group, induced pancreatitis by L-arginine group, and induced pancreatitis by L-arginine then treated by (Azadirtichaindica) group. The level of serum lipase were significantly reduced after treatment with Azadirachta indica, significant improvement in the tissue necrosis of acute pancreatitis of rats when treated with Azadirachta indica in addition to a significant reduction in the level of histopathological parameters and score after treatment with Azadirachta indica when compared with acute pancreatitis induced non-treated group.
The weakness of technical and economic knowledge of beekeepers is one of the factors affecting profit as well as the optimum production volume achieved for economic efficiency, which led to economic problems, among those problems is the decrease in the quantities supplied from bee honey production. The research aimed to study the most important factors affecting the profit function as well as estimating the function Production costs, cross-sectional data were used in the light of a random sample that included (120) beekeepers from Nineveh Governorate. The results of estimating the profit function showed that the parameters of the function agree with the logic of the economic theory and the statistical and standard tests. It was shown by the size of the parameters of the function that the amount of output has great importance in profit compared to the rest of the price variables and the average production costs. As for the ratio for estimating the function of total costs, the results of the study showed that the cubic model is the most suitable for the relationship adopted in the study according to economic theory and statistical and standard tests. Depending on the cost function only, the volume achieved for the economic efficiency of honey production was obtained at the level (10,386) kg / cell. The study also showed that the technical efficiency in honey production amounted to (86%), as well as the estimation of the maximum production volume for honey in the short term, which amounted to (13.885). We infer from the study that the economic resources used in the production process were not optimally invested, which led to a decrease in production efficiency. The results of the study recommend working to follow production policies aimed at increasing the economic efficiency of a single cell and achieving optimal use of available resources, which is reflected in an increase in efficiency in the use of productive resources and an improvement in the efficiency of honey production.
This study aims to identify nutritional awareness level and effect of dietary habits on the psychological state of Jordanian Athletes. The descriptive approach and questionnaire are used as a data collection tool. The questionnaire is divided into two parts. The first part contains 19 questions about the daily dietary practices, and the second one contains 25 items on the relationship between the food eaten during training and competition periods and the physiological state. The study sample consists of 278 male and female athletes exercising 23 different sports (team and individual sports) in the age group 18 and above. The number of male athletes is 194 by 69.8% of the sample, while the number of female athletes is 84 by 30.2% of the sample. Arithmetic means, standard deviations, percentages, T-test and Cronbach's alpha formula are used to analyze findings of the study. The findings show that the daily dietary practices and habits are different in variables of gender, educational level and age group. The findings show that there is a statistically significant relationship in effect of eating habits on the psychological state of athletes. As for the daily dietary practices and their effect on the psychological state, the breakfast and lunch have the most significant impact on improvement of psychological state and are statistically significant. The study recommends that athletes should be educated about effect of food on the psychological state through educational courses and seminars, and the types of food they have should be determined by their coaches.
Twenty specimens were collected from some Iraqi hospitals and diagnosed according to morphological characteristics and biochemical tests. The antimicrobial of silver and copper nanoparticles were recently focused on studied in the literature. In this article experiments were done to see the effect of silver and copper nanoparticles on grams negative and gram positive bacteria. The effect of both nanoparticles was higher in Pseudomonas aerugenosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae than Streptococcus pyogenes and the effect of two nanobartical are more effective than nanoparticles alone.
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