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Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences

Journal ID : BNIHS-15-03-2022-10188
Title : The quality of life among Iraqi juvenile delinquents
Abstract :

The phenomena of delinquency among youth are increased and had impacts of their families and their communities, as well as the quality of life of them, is had a vital role as a cause for delinquency. The study aimed to study the quality of life of juvenile delinquents and find out the relationship between their characteristics and their quality of life. A descriptive-analytic study design is conducted on the juveniles delinquency in Al-Najaf juvenile court and a purposive sample involvement about 54 juveniles who attained to Al-Najaf juvenile court and agreed to participate in the study by interview during the probation officer session. The study tool is used the WHO-QoL brief scale Arabic version. The study finds there is insignificance between overall QoL-Brief and some-personal characteristics like their age, if they had health problems diagnosed, the follow up with social worker, level education, residence, gender, marital status and monthly income; while there is significance with smoking habits and job and order of juveniles among siblings. The study concluded that according to their rated the physical, psychological and environmental domains are fairly and the social relationships domain is rated as a good, this give us a good indicator and maybe increase the chance of rehabilitating and integrating the juveniles after ending the duration of follow-up with a social worker and correction behaviors because there is a positive relationship between the delinquency behavior and QoL.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-15-03-2022-10187
Title : Estimate of Outcomes for Cholelithiasis after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Abstract :

The research aims to estimate of outcomes for cholelithiasis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The study was divided into two phases, where 100 patients with cholelithiasis were collected from Baghdad Hospital, Iraq, who were admitted to the hospital with an initial diagnosis. As for the second phase, 50 patients with cholelithiasis after cholecystectomy were collected. The patients were divided into 29 patients, women, and 21 males, and the average age, by relying on the statistical analysis program to analyze data and demographic information to patients, was 44.5600 ± 6.3 years. The most frequent complications were found in patients as for the evaluation of surgical outcomes; post-operative haemorrhage was found to be present in 11 patients and 8 in males. Therefore, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for treatment, and the absolute number of cholecystectomy operations in the world is large, and the complications that exist are few when compared with Open cholecystectorny.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-15-03-2022-10186
Title : Risk Factor of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Nurses: A Meta-Analysis
Abstract :

Work musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) is currently recognized as one of the most common occupational injuries for nursing who have been identified as a high-risk group in the medical service industry. The purpose of this research was to assess the risk factor of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses. This was a systematic review and meta-analysis study that used articles from an online database of PubMed, which was published from 2011 to 2021. The dependent variable was musculoskeletal disorders. The independent variables were some of the musculoskeletal disorders' risk factors. The data was analyzed by RevMan 5.3. 10 articles was included in this meta-analisis. Female OR= 0.53; CI95% 0.03-9.10; p= 0.66), 5-10 years of clinical experience (OR= 2.01; CI95% 0.33-12.33; p= 0.45), >10 years clinical experience (OR= 1.30; CI95% 0.62-2.73; p= 0.48), working in departmen of surgery (OR= 3.25; CI95% 1.72-6.14; p= 0.66), physical workload (OR= 2.11; CI95% 1.00-4.44; p< 0.00001), job/ work stress (OR= 3.24; CI95% 2.98-3.52; p= 0.001), physicological problem/ mental health (OR= 1.86; CI95% 1.40-2.46; p= 0.0001), and working hours/ duration of work (OR= 2.02; CI95% 0.94-4.35; p= 0.07) was associated with WMSDs among nurses. More effective and efficient strategies to ensure a healthier occupational environment for nurses are needed.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-14-03-2022-10185
Title : The Efficacy of Osteon II Collagen (Synthetic Bone Graft with Bovine Type I Collagen) with Platelet Rich Fibrin on Bone Healing Process in Unilateral Alveolar Cleft
Abstract :

Alloplastic material has been suggested to reconstruct the alveolar cleft to reduce surgery time, providing an abundant quantity of bone, and no need for the donor site. Platelet-rich fibrin has many growth factors effective in bone healing and tissue maturation. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the application of osteon II collagen with platelet-rich fibrin on the bone healing process in unilateral alveolar cleft patients. This study included 15 patients aged from 7to12 years, with a unilateral alveolar cleft. Osteon II collagen bone substitute with Platelet-rich fibrin membrane was used to reconstruct the alveolar defect. Postoperative density and buccopalatal thickness of Osteon II collagen bone substitute were assessed by cone-beam computerized tomography at immediate postoperatively,6, and 12months after surgery. The density and buccopalatal thickness of Osteon II collagen bone substitute increased after 6 months postoperatively, while it's highly significant increased after 12months, also valuable bone continuity was observed in all patients. We concluded the osteon II collagen bone substitutes with PRF have a regenerative effect, decrease bone substitutes resorption that leads to preserving the volume with increased bone substitutes density. Also, the PRF was used to accelerate the speed of bone formation and to reduce bone resorption.

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Journal ID : BNIHS-13-03-2022-10184
Title : The Effect of Cervical Mucus Removal Prior to Intrauterine Insemination on its Success and Pregnancy Rate
Abstract :

Intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with washed sperms has been the most widely used methods alternative in ART. Thus many studies have been done for more success of IUI. To assess the effect of cervical mucus aspiration prior to intrauterine insemination (IUI) on pregnancy rate. This was a prospective randomized study was conducted between November 2017 and May 2018 at Fertility Centre of Al-Najaf city/ Iraq. A total of 112 subfertile women included after initial assessment and investigation. They randomly divided into two groups. Treated group with cervical mucus aspiration before IUI (n=56) and non-cervical mucus aspiration as control group (n=56). The main outcome measure was pregnancy rate. Two groups were matched regarding age, type, cause, or duration of subfertility, and number of follicles. Pregnancy rate in treated group was 17.9% which is higher than 10.7% in control. This difference was not statistically significant. Pregnancy rates were insignificantly different between groups with or without cervical mucus aspiration; further studies are needed for further assessment.

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